Fire Prevention and Safety Tips: A Full Guide 2022
July 12, 2022
Fires are events that can cause serious property damage, injuries, and even death. On average, there is a fire every 86 second across the country. The basics of fire safety and fire protection can include smart building design and technology. However, everyone should still know fundamental fire safety tips and even go through fire safety training. That way, everyone can be prepared for this potential nightmare situation.
Fire: Fast Facts
If you're not sure how important home fire safety or fire safety equipment is, then consider the following fire safety facts.
One of the best fire prevention safety tips is to stay close to the floor. Higher flames can get 1,100 ºF in just 4 minutes. Half that can burn your clothes and scorch your lungs.
Fire safety precautions need to take into account how quickly a fire can spread and change. Early flames might be orange-yellow, but a home or building can quickly be filled with black smoke that makes it hard to see where you are.
Fire safety resources you acquire should factor in that more people die from smoke inhalation and asphyxiation than from flames themselves. Fire gasses can be free of odor and color and kill people in their sleep.
Fire safety rules in your home need to compensate for how fast a fire can spread. A small flame only needs half a minute to grow, and a whole home can go up in less than 5 minutes.
Ways to Prevent Fire
Fires are preventable, especially if you have the right fire alarm systems. The right fire safety steps are crucial to proper fire safety prevention that keeps your family safe.
Use Smoke Alarms or Detectors
Smoke control systems are very common fire safety recommendations and one of the best precautions for fire incidents you can take.
- Roughly 3 in 5 fire deaths occur in homes without working smoke detectors.
- Replace smoke alarms over 10 years old.
- Test them every month.
- Replace the batteries every year.
- Special alarms with bed shakers and strobe lights help those with hearing difficulties.
Where to Install Smoke Alarms
If you're interested in effective fire safety measures, then you need to get the right fire safety products. Smoke alarms are must-haves, but only if you put them in the right places.
- Put them high up on walls near the ceiling or on the ceiling itself.
- Put them on every floor of your home.
- Put one in every bedroom and outside every sleeping area.
- Prevent false alarms by putting smoke detectors at least 10 feet away from kitchens.
How to Maintain Smoke Alarms
Your kids might ask you what is fire safety? It has to include fire prevention tips, but it also includes properly maintaining your smoke alarms.
- Test them monthly.
- Replace anything a decade old or more.
- Change the batteries at least once a year to keep them up to date.
Install a Fire Extinguisher
One of the best fire prevention tips for your broader fire safety plan would be to install a fire extinguisher.
- Models useful for home fires are often labeled as B-C or A-B-C. These are multipurpose models ideal for residential circumstances.
- Inspect your fire extinguisher regularly to make sure the pin is still in place and there is still pressure in the gauge.
- Keep it somewhere you can react quickly when needed.
How to Choose and Store a Fire Extinguisher
Knowing the information from a fire safety guide isn't enough if you don't pick and store your fire extinguisher properly.
- Most homes are best served by an ABC dry chemical extinguisher.
- Keep them out of reach of children.
How to Use a Fire Extinguisher
You might be able to put out the flames by using the PASS method.
- P: Pull the unit's pin.
- A: Aim low.
- S: Squeeze slowly.
- S: Sweep the fire.
If this doesn't work, follow your fire safety escape plan.
Install Fire Sprinkler System
Potential fire safety products include fire suppression systems, some of which are water-based systems.
- Sprinklers make it more likely that your home survives a fire.
- New home constructions average $1.35 per square foot for sprinkler installation.
- Older homes can be retrofitted to have them, but the cost of installation is higher than building something new.
- Prioritize homes with sprinklers when you buy or rent your next home.
Create and Practice a Fire Escape Plan
A fire safety poster is another great tool to have in your fire escape plan, especially if you add a fire safety evacuation plan to it.
- Draw a map of your home, laying out places fires might start, where people might be, and their potential escape routes.
- Be sure to list alternate routes of escape in case primary routes get blocked.
- Run a fire drill to have everyone try out their knowledge.
- Run variations on the fire drill with people starting at various positions and simulating routes being blocked.
- Remember that routes can be blocked just as much by smoke as they are by the actual fire.
- Teach everyone how to stop, drop, and roll.
- Practice covered breathing in case of heavy smoke so everyone can remain conscious during egress.
Signages are among the simplest precautions of fire losses. They should indicate the business fire escape plan in any commercial facility. Residential window decals can help firemen find pets, the elderly, and the disabled in the event of a blaze that they respond to at a home.
Install a Fire Escape Ladder
A fire escape ladder can be a literal lifesaver for bedrooms on a second story. Collapsible models can be stored in a closet or even under a bed until they are needed when a person can't safely go into the hall or down the stairs.
Install Fire Blankets
Having fire blankets handy in the event of an emergency can serve two benefits. First, you can use one directly on a person who has caught fire themselves. Second, family members can use them for protection when trying to evacuate the home during an actual fire.
Avoid Smoking Indoors
One misplaced piece of ash or a smoker who dozes off can be a source of a fire if there are dry materials, including upholstery, paper, and rug or carpet, nearby. Make smokers only do this outside, and be sure they dispose of properly in cans and never just drop the butt.
Many home fires start in the kitchen.
- The combination of heat and flammable materials is always dangerous.
- Always stay in the kitchen when something is cooking, heating, or boiling.
- Don't cook while under the influence.
- Keep combustibles away from the stovetop.
Heat Your Home Safety
Heating is the next leading cause of home fires.
- Keep flammables a minimum of 3 feet from heat sources.
- Buy space heater models with automatic shutoff if they tip over.
- Keep heaters on stable surfaces.
- Never leave heat surfaces unattended.
Electrical causes also start many fires. Regularly inspect cords and outlets for all your appliances and walls. Never force a three-prong plug into a two-prong outlet. Check your circuit breaker for tripped switches, overloads, or just heat. Never put too much demand on a single outlet.
Most families go their entire lives and never have to worry about a fire. Still, you should be prepared for it. A fire can happen without warning at any time, and your home can become dangerous and even burn down within minutes.
Proper fire safety can give your family the chance they need to escape a blaze quickly and safely. Educate everyone in your home about everything you can so they know what to do. Just a little training and planning can mean the difference between safe escape and injuries or death.
Fire safety equipment and systems can possibly contain a fire or at least slow it down enough for everyone to get out. Smoke and carbon monoxide detectors can give people a warning that there's a problem. Strobe lights and bed shakers can alert those with hearing impairments. Smoke blankets and fire ladders can make it possible for everyone to get out in time.
If you need any help from fire safety professionals with what you should do or how you should go about things, then certainly make that move for the sake of your home and family.
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